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QM 520  

Last Updated: Oct 18, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Citing in APA Style Print Page

Official APA Manual

For answers to your questions about APA style, you should consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is available in the library (REF BF 76.7 .P83 2010)



DOI in APA Citations

The doi, digital object identifier, is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to an article or electronic book.  The publisher assigns a doi when an article or e-book is published and made available electronically. All doi numbers begin with a 10 and contain a prefix and a suffix separated by a slash. You can use the doi of an article in place of the phrase "Retrieved from _______ database.   More information.

DOI or Digital Object Identifiers: APA 6th Edition
APA Explanation of Doi: Electronic Sources and Locator Information

What is a doi, or digital object identifier?

APA Style Reference Guide with Doi: Northern Michigan University

Free DOI Lookup at

DOI Resolver Tool to Verify a  known DOI



Official APA Web Sites

Check out these web sites from the American Psychological Association for information on APA documentation.


More Web Sites on APA Documentation

APA Citation Style Guidelines: 40 page guide from Cengage

APA: Electronic Reference Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association

APA In Text Citations

APA Help for In-Text Citation

Common Business Citations in APA Format: Ann Fiegen of Cal State San Marcos


More Tutorials

APA Official Tutorial: Basics of APA Style

What's New in the 6th Edition of APA

Tim McAdoo on YouTube has a tutorial: How to Find a Doi
Even though, only EBSCO and FirstSearch examples apply to us, the tutorial is still useful.

APA Style: University of Maryland University College

APA Tutorial: Universities Libraries, University of Southern Mississippi



Cite Feature in Databases

Some of the databases have a cite feature which will generate the APA citation for you. Be aware that the citation can have errors. EBSCO Business Source Elite and Wilson Omni File Full Text Select tend to be the most accurate, with ProQuest next.

EBSCO Business Source Elite and ProQuest ABI/Inform databases use the Cite link. In Wilson OmniFile Full Text Select, the cite link can by seen in the upper right of the screen by clicking on an article title once a search has been conducted.  The Gale databases use the Citation Tools link. Examples of Gale databases are Academic One File, Expanded Academic ASAP, General OneFile, General Reference Center Gold, Health Reference Center Academic, Small Business Collection.


Using the Web to Generate Citations

There are web sites that help you generate citations, but it is possible to make errors if you enter the information in the wrong box.

Citation Machine
Provides a fill-in form to help you write citations from books and periodicals in APA style

Knight Cite
Helps you generate citations in APA by entering information in boxes

NoodleBib Express
Click on NoodleBib Express to generate citations in APA style and follow the guided directions. .



APA lists answers to questions that users send in.



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